1. Duties of Authors
- Authorship: Authorship should be only given to those who have made a significant contribution to the research and the work.
- Reporting standards: Authors should report an accurate account of their original research. Authors should also present an objective discussion of the significance of their research.
- Originality, plagiarism, and acknowledgment of sources: Authors should make sure that they have written their original research entirely. If the work and/or words of others have been used, authors should appropriately cite, quote, acknowledge and/or obtain permission to use such materials.
- Data access and retention: Data, references, and other details of the research should be accurately and sufficiently presented so that replication of the research is made possible. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are considered as unacceptable and unethical behavior. Authors should be prepared to provide the data supporting their research for editorial review and public access to such data. The data should be retained for a reasonable number of years after publication.
- Multiple publications: An author should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication.
- Disclosure and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest if any.
- Notification of fundamental errors: When an author finds a significant error in their published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly inform the editors of the JIEM to retract or correct the work if it is decided by the editors to do so.
2. Duties of Reviewers
- Contribution of reviewers: Peer review provided by reviewers assists the editors in making decisions and assists authors in improving the quality of the paper. If a reviewer feels unqualified to review the manuscript or knows that it is not possible to review the manuscript promptly, the reviewer should notify the editors and decline to review the manuscript.
- Confidentiality: Reviewers should treat any manuscripts requested by the JIEM for review as confidential documents. Reviewers should not share information about the manuscript with anyone or contact the authors directly without permission from the editors. Reviewers should not use any information obtained through peer review for personal advantage.
- Alertness to ethical issues: Reviewers should inform the editors of any potential ethical issues in the manuscript, including substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under review and any other published papers.
- Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively without any personal bias when reviewing a manuscript. Personal criticism of the author should be avoided. A reviewer should only suggest an author cite the reviewer’s work for scientific reasons and should not do so to increase the reviewer’s citation count.
3. Duties of Editors
- Publication Decisions: The editors are independently responsible for deciding which articles should be published. The editors are guided by the policies of the JIEM and other legal requirements.
- Peer review: The editors should ensure that the peer review process is fair, unbiased, timely, and in accordance with the policies of the JIEM. The editors should select suitable reviewers regarding their expertise and should avoid selecting fraudulent reviewers.
- Fair play: The editors should evaluate the intellectual content of the manuscripts without taking into account any personal characteristics of the authors, including race, gender, religious belief, ethnic origin, or citizenship. The editors should ensure a transparent mechanism for editorial decisions.
- Confidentiality: The editors should treat any manuscripts submitted to the JIEM and communications with reviewers as confidential documents. The editors should protect reviewers’ identities. The editors should not use any information obtained from the manuscripts and through peer review for personal advantage.
- Declaration of competing interests: The editors should not be involved in decisions about papers which he/she has written him/herself or have been written by family members or which relate to the editors’ interests.