Main Article Content
This research analyzes the factors that affect resilience after natural disasters of 997 households in rural areas of Vietnam in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016 by using logistic regression. The research results show that factors such as receiving timely warnings related to natural disasters, not taking measures to respond to natural disasters, and putting trust in the community will improve resilience after natural disasters. If the household head is of Kinh ethnicity and participates in community organizations, the response capacity whenever a disaster occurs is higher, and vice versa. Additionally, household heads not responding to natural disasters, instead receiving support from their relatives and friends and borrowing capital positively affect resilience capacity after one year since the disaster. In cases where Kinh women are household heads and join social communities, the resilience capacity after one year also increases. Besides, the research suggests some solutions to develop resilience capacity, which focus on the relationship between characteristics of households, household heads, and disaster response with the resilience capacity of rural households in Vietnam. Finally, this research proposes some suitable policies to improve resilience capacity in Vietnamese rural areas.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Natural disaster, resilience, response, rural household, Vietnam
Arviansyah A., Kusumastuti, R. D., Nurmala, N. and Wibowo, S. S. (2021), “Data on knowledge management and natural disaster preparedness: a field survey in East Lombok, Indonesia”, Data in Brief, Vol. 36, 107156.
Beatty, T. K., Shimshack, J. P. and Volpe, R. J. (2019), “Disaster preparedness and disaster response: evidence from sales of emergency supplies before and after hurricanes”, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 633 - 668.
Botzen, W.W., Deschenes, O. and Sanders, M. (2019), “The economic impacts of natural disasters: a review of models and empirical studies”, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Vol. 13, No. 12, pp. 167 - 188.
Bronfman, N.C., Cisternas, P.C., Repetto, P.B. and Castaneda, J.V. (2019), “Natural disaster preparedness in a multi-hazard environment: Characterizing the sociodemographic profile of those better (worse) prepared”, PLoS ONE, Vol. 14, No. 4, e0214249.
Castaneda, J.V., Bronfman, N.C., Cisternas, P.C. and Repetto, P.B. (2020), “Understanding the culture of natural disaster preparedness: exploring the effect of experience and sociodemographic predictors”, Natural Hazards, Vol. 103, No. 2, pp. 1881 - 1904.
CIEM, IPSARD and DERG. (2012), “Income shocks and household risk coping strategies: the role of formal insurance in rural Vietnam”, Hanoi.
Vu, V.C., Tran, T. and Đinh, T.H. (2018), “Knowledge and experience in disaster response and climate change adaptation in agricultural production of ethnic minority communities in Lai Chau”, Journal of Meteorology and Hydrology, Vol. 696, No. 12, pp. 20 - 26.
Das, A., Rani, A. and Rahman. G.M.M. (2022), “Study on adaptation measures taken by the farmers in response to disaster in Bajua union of Dacope upazila of Khulna district in Bangladesh”, Department of Agroforestry, Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh, Available at https://jaebd.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/20.-Study-on-adptation-measures-taken-by-the-farmers-in-response-to-disaster-in-Bajua-union-of-Dacope-upazila-of-Khulna-A-Das.pdf, (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Fang. J., Lau. C. K. M., Lu. Z., Wu. W. and Zhu. L. (2019), “Natural disasters. climate change. and their impact on inclusive wealth in G20 countries”, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 26, pp. 1455-1463.
Goussebaïle. A. (2020), “Prevention and Insurance in Cities Exposed to Natural Disaster Risks”, Annals of Economics and Statistics, No. 139, pp. 61-86. [Online]. Available at: https://doi.org/10.15609/annaeconstat2009.139.0061. Accessed: 28 March 2022.
Gunawan. I., Afiantari. F., Kusumaningrum. D. E., Thasbikha. S. A., Zulkarnain. W., Ichwanda Burham. A. S. and Budiarti. E. M. (2019), “Improving disaster response through disaster simulation”, International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 640-653.
Hamidi. A. R., Zeng. Z. and Khan. M. A. (2020), “Household vulnerability to floods and cyclones in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan”, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 46, 101496.
Hikichi. H., Aida. J., Matsuyama. Y., Tsuboya. T., Kondo. K. and Kawachi. I. (2020),”Community-level social capital and cognitive decline after a natural disaster: A natural experiment from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami”, Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 257, 111981, Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.09.057 (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Hong. B., Bonczak. B. J., Gupta. A. and Kontokosta. C. E. (2021), “Measuring inequality in community resilience to natural disasters using large-scale mobility data”, Nature communications, Vol. 12, No. 1,pp. 1-9, Available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22160-w (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Jennifer K. Poussin, W.J. Wouter Botzen, Jeroen C.J.H. Aerts (2014), “Factors of influence on flood damage mitigation behaviour by households”, Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 40, pp. 69-77, Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2014.01.013 (Accessed 17 April, 2022).
Le Dé. L., Rey. T., Leone. F. and Gilbert. D. (2018), “Sustainable livelihoods and effectiveness of disaster responses: a case study of tropical cyclone Pam in Vanuatu”, Natural hazards, Vol. 91, No. 3, pp. 1203-1221, Available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-018-3174-6 (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Law on Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (2013). Available at: https://pcttbinhdinh.gov.vn/laws/detail/Luat-Phong-chong-thien-tai-4/ (Accessed April 17, 2022).
Loayza. N. V., Olaberria. E., Rigolini. J. and Christiaensen. L. (2012), “Natural Disasters and Growth: Going Beyond the Averages”, World Development, Vol. 40, No. 7, pp. 1317-1336.
Kaniasty. K. (2020), “Social support. interpersonal. and community dynamics following disasters caused by natural hazards”, Current Opinion in Psychology, Vol. 32, pp. 105-109.
Keshavarz. M. and Moqadas. R. S. (2021), “Assessing rural households' resilience and adaptation strategies to climate variability and change”, Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 184, 104323, Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104323 (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Kabir. M. H., and Hossain. T. (2021), “Assessment on Social Vulnerability and Response Towards Natural Disaster in A Disaster-Prone Coastal Village: An Example from Bangladesh”, International Journal of Disaster Management, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 39-60, Available at: https://doi.org/10.24815/ijdm.v4i1.19482 (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Kim. S., Kwon. S. A., Lee. J. E., Ahn. B. C., Lee. J. H., An. C. and Wang. J. (2020), “Analyzing the role of resource factors in citizens’ intention to pay for and participate in disaster management”, Sustainability, Vol. 12, No. 8, 3377, Available at https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083377 (Accessed 15 April, 2022).
Maddison. D. (2006), “The Perception of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa”, CEEPA Discussion Paper. No. 10, Pretoria. South Africa: Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
Mai, N. T. (2020), “Natural disasters and agricultural income: The case of rural households in Vietnam”, in International Conference on Sustainable Agricultural Development in Vietnam – Experiences of Asian Countries, Vietnam National University Press, Ho Chi Minh City.
Marks. D. and Elinoff. E. (2020), “Splintering disaster: Relocating harm and remaking nature after the 2011 floods in Bangkok”, International Development Planning Review, Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 273-295, Available at https://doi.org/10.3828/idpr.2019.7 (Accessed 13 April, 2022).
Marin. G. and Modica. M. (2017), “Socio-economic exposure to natural disasters”, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 64, pp. 57-66.
Miao. Q., Shi. Y. and Davlasheridze. M. (2021), “Fiscal Decentralization and Natural Disaster Mitigation: Evidence from the United States”, Public Budgeting and Finance, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 26-50, Available at https://doi.org/10.1111/pbaf.12273 (Accessed 13 April, 2022).
Hoang V.M, Tran T.A, Joacim Rocklöv, Kim B.G., Le Q.T., Klas-Göran.S., Maria.N. and Lars.W., (2014), “Primary healthcare system capacities for responding to storm and flood-related health problems: a case study from a rural district in central Vietnam”, Global Health Action, Vol. 7, No. 1, 23007. DOI: 10.3402/gha.v7.23007 (Accessed 13 April, 2022).
Moreno. J. (2018), “The role of communities in coping with natural disasters: Lessons from the 2010 Chile Earthquake and Tsunami”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 212, pp. 1040-1045.
Nguyen K., (2021), “Vietnam - The country most vulnerable to climate change. Economic and Urban e-newspaper”, November 18, 2021. Available online at: https://tinhtedothi.vn/viet-nam-quoc-gia -de-bi-ton-thuong-nhat-do-bien-doi-khi-hau.html. accessed April 16. 2022 (Accessed 28 March, 2022).
Olawuyi. S. O., Fola. O. O. and Oyedapo. R. M. (2011), ”Shocks and Coping Strategies of Rural Households: Evidence from Ogo-Oluwa Local Government. Oyo State. Nigeria”, International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development (IJAMAD), Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 1-8.
Panwar. V. and Sen. S. (2019), “Economic Impact of Natural Disasters: An Empirical Re-Examination”, Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 109-139.
Phong. N. B. and Nhuan. M. T. (2021), “Evaluation of the relationship of indicators of climate change resilience of near-poor households in Da Nang city”, Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 721, No. 1, pp. 21-30.
Nguyen N.Q., (2003), “Responses to poverty and risks in Vietnam: How effectively does Vietnamese public safety net target vulnerable populations”, Research and Development, Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam
Rathi. A. (2022), “Is Agrarian Resilience limited to Agriculture? Investigating the “farm” and “non-farm” processes of Agriculture Resilience in the rural”, Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 93, pp. 155-164.
Rayamajhee. V. and Bohara. A. K. (2019), “Natural Disaster Damages and Their Link to Coping Strategy Choices: Field Survey Findings from Post‐Earthquake Nepal”, Journal of International Development, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 336-343.
Sawada. Y. and Shimizutani. S. (2008) “How Do People Cope with Natural Disasters? Evidence from the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995”, Journal of Money. Credit and Banking, Vol. 40, No. 2-3, pp. 463-488.
Simon Condliffe and Gregory T. Fiorentino (2014), “The impact of risk preference on health insurance and health expenditures in the United States”, Applied Economics Letters, Vol. 21, No. 9, pp. 613-616.
Tang. L., Guo. J., Mohanarajah. S. and Zhou. K. (2021), “Can we detect trends in natural disaster management with artificial intelligence? A review of modeling practices”, Natural Hazards, Vol. 107, pp. 2389-2417.
General Department of Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (2020), Summary of natural disasters in Vietnam from the beginning of 2020 (as of July 23, 2020).
Trinh. T. A., Feeny. S. and Posso. A. (2021), “The Impact of Natural Disasters and Climate Change on Agriculture: Findings from Vietnam”, In Economic effects of natural disasters, Academic Press, Centre for International Development, pp. 261-280.
Tran, H.T. (2012), Improving the adaptability to climate change for coastal people in Thua Thien Hue province. Science journal Hue University. Vol. 72B. No. 3. 2012
Tran, Q.V. (2015), “Household's coping strategies and recoveries from shocks in Vietnam”, The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Vol. 56, pp. 15-29.
Wang, W., Zhao. X., Li. H. and Zhang. Q. (2021), “Will social capital affect farmers’ choices of climate change adaptation strategies? Evidences from rural households in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China” Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 83, pp. 127-137.
Wang. C., Zhou. Z., Chen. Q., Feng. Q. and Zhu. C. (2022), “Study on the Livelihood Vulnerability of the Poor Relocated Households in Karst Area: A Case Study of Liupanshui Area”, Agriculture, Vol.12, No. 10, 1577.
Weerasekara. S., Wilson. C., Lee. B., Hoang. V. N., Managi. S. and Rajapaksa. D. (2021), “The impacts of climate induced disasters on the economy: Winners and losers in Sri Lanka”, Ecological Economics, Vol. 185, 107043.
Yilma. Z., Mebratie. A., Sparrow. R., Abebaw. D., Dekker. M., Alemu. G. and Bedi. A. S. (2014), “Coping with shocks in rural Ethiopia”, Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 50, No. 7, pp. 1009-1024.
Zhang. H., Zhuang. T. and Zeng. W. (2012), “Impact of household endowments on response capacity of farming households to natural disasters", International journal of disaster risk science, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 218-226.